Will Your Last Will and Testament Made in Florida Work in All States?
What Happens to Your Last Will and Testament if You Move?
Will the last will and testament you made in Florida still stand if you later move to New Jersey and die there? Like many aspects of estate planning, the answer to this question is, "It depends."
Was Your Will Valid in Your Former State?
If your last will and testament was created and signed with the proper formalities as required by the laws of your former state, it should still be considered valid in your new state. Otherwise, it would not be honored in either jurisdiction. For example, if the laws of your former state required that you sign your will in front of three witnesses, but you signed it in front of two witnesses, your will is not valid in your new state because it wasn't valid in your former state, to begin with.
Different Types of Wills
Some states recognize "nuncupative" wills and "holographic" wills or both, while other states do not. For example, Florida recognizes neither. If you make a nuncupative will or holographic will that is valid in another state then you move to Florida, your will won't be valid there because the state does not honor these forms of wills.
A holographic will is written entirely in the testator's handwriting and signed and dated by him. If someone with a holographic will moves to a new state that doesn't recognize holographic wills, his will would not be honored.
A nuncupative will is spoken aloud in front of two or more witnesses, usually at a time when the individual speaking the will is in immediate peril. The witnesses are then charged with committing his words to writing and submitting them to the probate court within a very limited period of time after his death. As a practical matter, it's not likely he would be able to relocate to a new state if he was in imminent danger of dying. Such a will would most likely not be honored anywhere years after his death.
Other Laws to Consider
Although your will may still be valid after you move to a new state, certain parts of it may become void or require changes to conform to the unique laws of your new state. For example, Florida law requires that your personal representative must be related to you by blood or a certain degree of marriage. If he's not your relative, he must be a Florida resident. If you were previously a resident of Illinois and you made a valid will while living there, you might have named your best friend as your personal representative.
If that individual does not move with you to Florida, he would not be permitted to serve as your personal representative if you should die there. That provision of your will would not be honored. If you choose a bank or trust company to act as your personal representative, it must have the legal authority to act as a fiduciary in Florida.
What Can You Do?
If you're planning a move, sit down with an estate planning attorney who is familiar with the probate, trust and estate tax laws of your new state. This will ensure that your estate plan will continue to work the way you expected it to work when you made it.