What Does an Ultrasound Technician Do?

Career and Quick Facts

Woman receiving ultrasound examination, smiling
••• An ultrasound technician gives an abdominal sonogram to a patient. Joos Mind/Iconica/Getty Images

An ultrasound technician operates special equipment that uses high-frequency sound waves to record images of internal organs. Using this equipment helps  and other  diagnose patients' ailments. Other job titles for this occupation include ultrasound tech, diagnostic medical sonographer, or sonographer.

Ultrasound technicians work directly with patients and physicians. They may specialize in obstetric and gynecologic, abdominal, breast, vascular, or cardiac sonography.

Quick Facts

  • In 2016, ultrasound technicians earned a  of $69,65 and median hourly wages of $33.49.
  • Approximately 61,000 people were employed in this occupation in 2014.
  • Most work in hospitals; doctors and diagnostic imaging centers employ others.
  • Jobs are typically full time.
  • The for ultrasound technicians is excellent. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics classifies it as a "Bright Outlook" occupation because employment is expected to grow much faster than it will in most other occupations through 2024.

Roles and Responsibilities

What is it like to work in this occupation? To learn about job duties, we consulted some job announcements on . We learned that ultrasound techs may:

  • Prepare exam room and ultrasound equipment to conduct sonography examinations in accordance with infectious disease, sterilization, and patient safety protocols, policies, and process
  • Assist radiologists with ultrasound guided biopsies and vascular ultrasound procedures as needed
  • Recognize and record appropriate anatomy and pathology using sonographic equipment
  • Care for the equipment to ensure longevity of the machine and transducers; report equipment failure to the supervisor
  • Write reports based upon completion of the scan
  • Alert the appropriate medical staff of abnormalities that require immediate attention

The Truth About Being an Ultrasound Technician

  • Expect to work nights, weekends, and even holidays, especially if you work in a hospital.
  • You will be on your feet for a large part of your day.
  • You will have patients with mobility problems who will need you to lift and move.
  • Changes in technology and procedures will require you to keep your knowledge up-to-date.

How to Become an Ultrasound Technician

If you want to become an ultrasound technician, you can choose from among four routes to get there. The first, a one-year certificate program, is available only to those who have experience working in other . If you do not meet this requirement, you should earn an associate or bachelor's degree in diagnostic medical sonography from an accredited program. It will take you about two years to earn an associate degree and about four to get a bachelor's degree (Diagnostic Medical Sonography. Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs). The  accredits diagnostic medical sonography educational programs in the United States.


After you graduate, you will have to take a national credentialing exam to become a certified diagnostic medical sonographer. While you aren't required to do this, most employers will not hire you without this credential. The , , and all offer  ( Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography). Some states require ultrasound technicians to be licensed. You can use the  from  to find out if the state in which you want to work is one of them.

What Do You Need to Succeed in This Career?

  • : Your patients may have questions about the procedure you are performing. You must be able to understand what they are asking so you can provide the information they are seeking.
  • : To get accurate images, you must be able to convey instructions to your patients.
  • : In addition to listening and speaking skills, you must have excellent social skills and the ability to sympathize and empathize with your patients.
  • Reading Comprehension: Doctors will send written instructions to let you know images they need. You must be able to understand them.
  • : This skill will let you evaluate alternative solutions to problems.

What Will Employers Expect From You?

Here are some requirements from actual job announcements found on :

  • "Ability to problem solve and make decisions"
  • "Must be able to work independently or with little supervision and in a team environment"
  • "Ability to manage multiple priorities, projects and display flexibility in a fast paced and changing work environment"
  • "Must have good work ethic and a friendly and cheerful disposition"
  • "Ability to maintain the strictest levels of confidentiality required"
  • "Pursues professional development for the continual improvement of patient care"

Is This Occupation a Good Fit for You?

  • : ISR (Investigative, Social, Realistic)
  • : ESTJ, ISTJ,
  • Take the Quiz:

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Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, , 2016-17 (visited July 3, 2017).
Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor,  (visited July 3, 2017).