What Does a Computer Programmer Do?
Job description and facts about programming careers
A computer programmer creates the code for software applications and operating systems. After a designs a computer program, the programmer writes code that converts that design into a set of instructions a computer can follow. He or she tests the program to look for errors and then rewrites it until it is error-free. The programmer continues to evaluate programs that are in use, making updates and adjustments as needed.
- Computer programmers earned a of $79,840 in 2016.
- Nearly 329,000 people worked in this occupation in 2014.
- Companies that write and test software employed most of them. Others worked for software publishers and finance and insurance companies.
- Jobs are typically full-time.
- This is a good job for people who like to work alone.
- The for this occupation is poor. Employers will outsource many jobs to countries where wages are lower than they are in the U.S., causing employment to decline through 2024.
Roles and Responsibilities
Are you wondering what a computer programmer does at work? These typical job duties appeared in online ads for computer programmer positions found on Indeed.com:
- "Develop, test, and implement computer programs on multiple computer/operating system platforms"
- "Help develop a new web-based information system (IS)"
- "Perform all activities necessary for the definition, design, construction, testing, and implementation of automated computer systems"
- "Review programs on a frequent basis and make adjustments as are necessary to ensure proper working of the program"
- "Confirm program operation by conducting tests; modifying program sequence and/or codes"
- "Create and publish technical diagrams to support coding efforts"
- "Integrate new functionality into existing applications"
How to Become a Computer Programmer
Your chances of getting a job as a computer programmer will be better if you earn a bachelor's degree in , mathematics, or information systems. Some employers will hire you if you have a degree in another subject—such as , finance, and —as long as you have taken computer science classes. You may even be able to find work with an associate degree in computer science.
Since experience is as valuable as a degree in this field, you should do while you are in school. Once you are working in the field, you will have to keep your skills up-to-date by learning new programming languages. Certifications in various programming languages may also be beneficial.
What Soft Skills Do You Need to Succeed in This Career?
In addition to the technical skills acquired through formal training and experience, the following will help make your success in this field possible:
- Reading Comprehension: You must be able to understand written instructions.
- : Programmers must identify problems.
- : When solving problems and making decisions, you should know how to weigh all your options so that you can choose the best one.
- : This ability allows you to understand instructions from members of your team.
- Attention to Detail and Troubleshooting: You must be able to find small mistakes in code and fix them.
What Will Employers Expect From You?
Here are some requirements for actual job announcements found on Indeed.com. Most employers also require proficiency in particular programming languages:
- "Ability to work independently"
- "Must possess a high degree of accountability of his/her work"
- "Ability to comprehend and apply principles of modern algebra while analyzing data and generating reports"
- "Works well in a team environment"
- "Able to work under pressure to meet timelines and handle multiple tasks and changing priorities"
- "Self-discipline, as projects take several months to complete"
Is This Occupation a Good Fit for You?
Your , , and are some of the factors that will determine whether being a computer programmer is a good fit for you.
This career is suitable for people who have the following traits:
- Interests (): ICR (Investigative, Conventional, Realistic)
- Personality Type (Myers Briggs Personality Type Indicator ): , , , ,
- : Achievement, Working Conditions, Independence
|Description||Median Annual Wage (2016)||Minimum Required Education/Training|
|Creates systems and applications software.|
|HS diploma; bachelor's degree preferred|
Helps organizations use computer technology effectively.
|$87,220||Bachelor's degree in computer science or related subject|
|Tends to design and technical aspects of websites.||$66,130||HS diploma; many employers require an associate degree in web design|
|Assists computer users with problems they are having with software, hardware, or peripherals.||$49,390||HS diploma + experience with computers|
Sources: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, , 2016–17; Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, .