What Is a Billing Cycle?
The billing cycle for a credit card or any type of monthly account is the period of time between billings. For example, a billing cycle may start on the 1st day of the month and end on the 30th day of the month. Or, it may go from the 15th of one month to the 15th of the next. Credit card billing cycles are varying lengths, usually ranging from 27 to 31 days, depending on the credit card and the issuer.
The Credit Card Billing Cycle
A newly opened credit card account usually starts the first day of the first billing cycle with a zero balance. (The exception is when you're charged upfront fees for the account or you opted to transfer a balance when you applied for the credit card.) During the billing cycle, any purchases, credits, fees, and finance charges are posted to your account and added or subtracted from your balance. Then, at the end of the billing cycle, you are billed for all unpaid charges and fees made during the billing cycle.
Any activity on your account after the billing cycle ends will appear on your next billing statement.
Of course, you don't have to wait for your billing statement to arrive in the mail to figure out your balance or minimum payment due. Simply log into your online account to see your current balance, available credit, last payment amount, and other details about your account. Checking your online account between billing statements can keep you aware of your available credit and allow you to catch any unauthorized charges to your account.
When your next billing cycle begins, it will begin with whatever balance was left unpaid at the end of the previous billing cycle. Then, when your next billing statement comes in the mail, it will only include the transactions made to your account during that particular billing cycle. If you've ever had to go back and look at previous billing statements to find a transaction, that's why.
Payment Due Dates
Your credit card payment due date is generally about 21-25 days after your billing cycle ends. This means you're not required to send payment for purchases until the very next billing cycle after you've made them.
There's a period of time between your billing cycle end date (which is also your account statement closing date) and your bill due date is known as the grace period. You can typically pay your balance in full before the end of the grace period to avoid paying interest on your balance as long as you paid your last statement balance in full last month.
By law, your credit card due date must fall on the same date every month and does not have an impact on the start and end date of your billing cycle. Check your credit card statement or call your credit card customer service for the length of your billing cycle.
Note that you may not receive a grace period if you didn't pay your balance in full after your last billing cycle or if you've transferred a balance or taken out a cash advance.
Billing Cycles and Introductory Rates
Many credit card issuers offer introductory rates that last a certain number of billing cycles rather than months. The result is actually a shorter introductory period since billing cycles are usually shorter than a full month. For example, an introductory rate lasting 12 billing cycles would actually be around 10 months, assuming a 25-day billing cycle. An 18-billing cycle introductory rate would be around 15 months. It's important to keep track of the billing cycles as they pass so you know when your introductory rate will expire.
Where to Find Your Billing Cycle
Keeping up with your billing cycle can be difficult since the dates don't line up with the beginning and end of a calendar month. You can check your most recent credit card statement or your online account to find your billing cycle. If you need to calculate the number of days in your billing cycle, between the beginning and of your last billing cycle.
For example, if your last billing cycle was from March 15, 2018 to April 12, 2018, your billing cycle would be 29 days. You can calculate the end of your next billing cycle. Count 29 days from April 13 to get May 12, 2018.
How Your Billing Cycle Affects Your Credit
Your credit card account will be reported to at least one of the three major credit bureaus - Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion. Your credit report includes an overview of your account and details about how you manage your credit card including your payment history, credit limit, and monthly payment.
Your credit card issuer will update your credit report at the end of the billing cycle, which is also your account statement closing date. However your account stands on the last day of your billing cycle is how it will be reported to the credit bureaus. So, if you want your credit report to show you have a zero balance on your credit card, you have to pay it off before the last day of your billing cycle.