Zero-Based Budgeting Tips for Your Monthly Budget
Almost all adults have heard of the importance of creating and maintaining an accurate budget. However, this can be very difficult to do if income and expenses change every month. Many do not even know how much they spend in certain categories, and others may not want to take the time to bring order to the chaos of their personal finances.
However, the benefits of a personal budget cannot be overstated. You can finally know where your money is going and exert control over your finances and future. You will be able to work toward your financial goals, prepare for emergencies and even pay down debt. One of the best types of budgets that can help you meet each of these goals is the zero-based budget.
What Is a Zero-Based Budget?
A zero-based budget ensures that your income matches your expenses completely. You will be telling every dollar that you make where to go, whether you are using it to purchase groceries, pay a credit card or build up your savings account. Because expenses change frequently for most people, you will need to make a new zero-based budget for each month.
During the month, you can move money from one category to another. For example, if you spend more than you thought for groceries, you can take money from your entertainment category. However, at the end of the month, your income and expenses must come out even.
You should not think that this type of budgeting means that you can recklessly spend all of your money every month. Instead, you should build savings, investments and charitable contributions directly into your budget to help you spend wisely.
How Can Zero-Based Budgets Help You Organize Your Finances?
The longer you work with a zero-based budget, the more you will understand where and how you spend your money and the more financially organized you will feel. You will finally be able to see where your money goes and why you may not be meeting your financial goals. For example, many people are surprised to see how much money they are spending on groceries or on those seemingly “little” expenses, such as daily coffees.
Once you see where you’re spending your money, you will be able to make wiser decisions. Some decisions may seem difficult at first. It may be hard to cut out cable or go without the luxury of eating out twice per week. However, being able to tell your money where you want it to go can be incredibly empowering.
Zero-based budgeting is also a great solution if you have a changeable monthly income, such as if you are a freelance worker or are self-employed. Your budget will help you build a safety net with an emergency fund and will help you plan for months when you may not have as much coming into your bank account.
How Can You Create a Zero-Based Budget?
Although it can take a few hours to set up your first zero-based budget, you will find that succeeding months become much faster. Many categories will be able to slide seamlessly into the new month especially if your income is regular.
- Start by determining your monthly income. You may need to estimate some things, but choose to guess on the low side so that you are not struggling to meet expenses later in the month. Be sure to include smaller sources of income, such as child support or side jobs.
- Next, write down your regular monthly expenses as well as seasonal expenses, such as Christmas gifts, income taxes, and even spring landscaping. Also be sure to include savings, investments and retirement account needs.
- Finally, subtract your expenses from your income and make sure that your total is zero. It may take a while to balance this budget. See where you can delete some expenses or where you can add income when possible. Creating your first zero-based budget will seem a bit like a balancing act.
An example of a zero-based budget for a two-earner household for a single month might look like this:
Income from Spouse 1: $3,200
Income from Spouse 2: $2,000
Total Monthly Income: $5,200
Eating Out: $150
Mobile Phone, Cable and Internet: $200
Pet Expenses: $50
Miscellaneous Household Expenses: $150
Credit Card Payments: $300
Student Loans: $250
Charitable Contributions: $400
Retirement Account Contributions: $500
Travel Fund: $150
Total Monthly Expenses: $5,200
Once you understand what a zero-based budget is, it is time to make it work for you. It may take a bit of time to get used to this method of budgeting. However, you may be surprised at how intuitive the process becomes once you have used it for a few months.