Recast a Mortgage for Lower Payments and Interest Savings
Recasting is a way to lower your monthly mortgage payments without getting a new loan. In addition to an easier cash flow situation, you can also save money over the remaining life of your mortgage loan.
How Recasting Works
With most home loans (such as 15-year or 30-year fixed rate mortgages), you pay the loan off with fixed monthly payments. Those payments generally don’t change over the life of your loan unless you use an adjustable rate mortgage – if you pay $1,500 per month on day one, you’ll keep paying the same amount.
When you recast a loan, you make a large payment, and your lender recalculates your monthly mortgage payments. It can be helpful in several situations:
- Lower Monthly Payments
if your required payments are too high, a recast can result in an easier-to-afford monthly payment
- Pay Down Debt
If you have a substantial amount of money, and you want to reduce your debt, a recast lets you do that and enjoy a lower payment
Loan payments are calculated based on several factors:
If you change any of those inputs, the resulting monthly payment will change. However, loan payments typically don’t change after the loan is made. You can send extra money every month or write a large check, but your lender won’t change your monthly payment unless you request (and get approved for) a recast.
Getting a Recast
To recast your loan, talk with your lender. Start asking about the process early on because you need some important details:
Does Your Lender Allow Mortgage Recasts?
Some don’t, and it’s not worth wasting your time if it’s not an option.
What Is the Minimum Required Lump-Sum Payment to Qualify for a Recast?
You may need to wait and save for a longer period. Minimums of $5,000 are not uncommon.
How Much Does It Cost to Recast?
You’ll probably have to pay a fee of several hundred dollars. Factor this in while you consider how long you’ll keep the loan. Again, you might want to wait and make a larger payment (if the situation is right) so that you get more bang for your buck.
What Will Your New Payment Be?
Find out how much of an impact your lump-sum payoff will make. It might not be as great as you hope.
How Much Will You Save on Interest?
Most people focus on the monthly payment, but interest costs are also important. You might save more if you make a lump sum payment and you don’t recast the loan. Recasting lowers your payment (after you’ve reduced the debt) so that you pay off the loan on the originally-scheduled date. However, if you continue making the original payment – after making a lump-sum payment to reduce the loan balance – you’ll pay down your loan faster and save money on interest.
Once you’re ready to move forward, it’s just a matter of filling out forms and sending money. Make sure you know when to reduce your payment and wait until you’re certain that it’s safe to do so. After that, find something productive to do with the extra money each month: save for retirement or other important goals.
Run the Numbers
Your mortgage lender can provide you with helpful information. However, you might prefer to tinker with the numbers yourself. To do so, you’ll need to model how the loan gets paid off over time. It is known as amortization – and it’s not that hard to do.
You can calculate your loan’s progress by hand, but spreadsheets make the process easier. Pick a date when you’ll make the lump sum payment, and reduce your loan balance accordingly. Then, calculate what the new payment would be assuming the same payoff date (in other words, if you’ve got 12 years remaining on your loan, calculate for 12 years – don’t start over with a 30-year loan).
Next, look at the numbers to see how much you’re saving. Experiment with different payment amounts and find what works for you.
Refinance or Recast?
Again, recasting isn’t always the best option. A simple alternative is just to make a lump sum payment and continue with your existing (larger) monthly payments. Refinancing your loan is another option.
Sometimes it’s helpful to compare and contrast, so here’s how a recast compares to a refinance:
- Fees are lower with a recast
- Amortization (or “the clock”) does not start over when you recast (in those early years of a 30-year loan, you pay more interest than you pay towards your debt)
- Closing costs are only paid when you refinance, although there may be a fee to recast
- The process can be easier and faster because you don’t need an appraisal, credit checks, or the underwriting required for a new loan
- The interest rate you pay does not change with a recast, but it could change when you refinance
Ultimately, recasting makes sense when you have extra money on hand, and you’ve got a decent loan. Refinancing is the answer when you can do substantially better by wiping out the existing loan and starting fresh – just be sure that you don’t end up paying more interest by extending the life of your loan.