FY 2017 Federal Budget Compared to Trump's Spending

Compare Trump's 2017 Spending to Budgets

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The fiscal year 2017 federal budget outlined U.S. government revenue and spending from October 1, 2016 through September 30, 2017. The budget process began while President Obama was in office. The budget was amended by President Trump in his inaugural year. Congress enacted the appropriation bills to guide spending. The Office of Management and Budget reported what was actually spent.

Revenue was $3.316 trillion.

That's less than the $3.982 trillion in spending. It created a $666 billion budget deficit

Revenue

FY 2017 revenue was $3.316 trillion. Income taxes contributed $1.587 trillion, payroll taxes were $1.163 trillion and corporate taxes added $297 billion. The remaining $269 billion was from excise taxes, estate taxes, interest on Federal Reserve deposits, and other miscellaneous sources. 

Tax Freedom Day occurred on April 23. That's how long taxpayers worked to pay for all government revenue collected. 

Spending

FY 2017 spending was $3.982 trillion. Federal government spending has three components: discretionary, mandatory and interest on the debt. 

Discretionary: Congress appropriate funds each year for agencies covered by the discretionary budget. For FY 2017, Congress appropriated $1.1 trillion, the limit set by sequestration. The Trump administration spent $1.08 trillion. It shifted spending from Education, Energy, and Housing to Defense, Health and Human Services, and the State Department.

Congress appropriated $133.2 billion in Emergency Funding, which is not subject to sequestration. Most of that went to Overseas Contingency Operations, which paid for military operations in the Middle East. It included  in emergency funds for Hurricane Harvey, and  for Hurricane Irma.  Congress added those funds in October 2017.

The chart below compares Obama's budget to Trump's amendment. It then shows what Congress enacted on May 1, 2017 compared to actual department spending.

FY 2017 Budget: Obama Budget Request, Trump's Budget Request, Amount Enacted by Congress, Amount Spent by Agencies (in billions)

Department
Defense Dept   $523.9   $546.6       $523.2
Education     $69.4     $63.6           $66.9
Energy     $30.2     $27.7           $30.2
    NNSA     $12.9     $12.5      $12.9     $12.8
Health     $77.9     $72.4      $73.5     $87.1
Homeland     $40.6     $44.1           $42.4
HUD     $38.0     $33.6           $34.0
NASA     $18.3     $19.2           $19.7
State     $37.8     $35.4          $38.7
VA     $75.1     $74.5      $75.1    $74.4
All Other Depts.   $135.9   $131.9    $128.9   $169.3
Subtotal$1,065.2$1,080.5 $1,085.9
Emergency Funding     $84.2   $101.8    $101.8  $133.2
Total Discretionary $1,149.4$1,182.3 $1,171.8$1,219.1

President Obama submitted the  to Congress on February 9, 2016. That initiated the budget process. Congress can use the president's budget as a guide for its appropriations. This becomes the annual .

Congress would have submitted the bill to the President for signature by September 30, 2016, if it had followed this process.

But it was an election year. So, Congress passed a bill called the continuing resolution. It continued funding for federal departments at then-current levels. Otherwise, the government would have shut down like it did in 2013

President Trump submitted a budget amendment on March 16, 2017. It asked Congress to change discretionary spending from the amount it enacted in its Continuing Resolution.  

On April 30, 2017, Congressional leaders agreed on a budget. The Senate and House approved the spending bill on May 1, 2017. It appropriated $1.1 trillion in discretionary spending. Congress added $101.8 billion in emergency funding. The Republican-led Congress spent more than the Democrat Obama.

Mandatory: The government spent $2.519 trillion on mandated benefits. This portion of the budget is an estimate, not an appropriation. Congress can't change it as part of the normal budget process. Congress mandated the benefit payments when it passed the laws that created the programs. The most recent estimates are from the FY 2019 budget.

  • Social Security – $939 billion. Payroll taxes fund 100 percent of the cost.
  • Medicare – $591 billion. Payroll taxes and premiums fund 57 percent of the cost.
  • Medicaid – $375 billion. Paid out of the general fund.
  • All other – $614 billion. This includes food stamps and Supplemental Security Income. All programs are paid out of the general fund except for Unemployment Compensation, which is partially funded by payroll taxes. The Affordable Care Act and TARP are self-funded.

Interest on the DebtInterest payments on the national debt are not officially part of the mandatory budget, but the payments must be made. In FY 2017, it was $263 billion. That will increase in future years now that interest rates are rising

Deficit

The FY 2017 deficit was , $100 billion higher than budgeted. Revenue came in $100 billion less than than expected. Spending was $3.9 trillion, slightly less than budgeted but not enough to help the deficit. It was the fifth-highest U.S. deficit by year. It made Trump the third-highest deficit by president, following Obama and Bush.

FY 2017 (in billions)BudgetActual
SubtotalTotalSubtotalTotal
Revenue $3,460 $3,316
Mandatory$2,573 $2,519 
Interest on the Debt   $276   $263 
Discretionary$1,172 $1,219 
Total Spending $4,021 $3,982
Deficit    $561    $666

(Sources: "," May 1, 2017, except for Justice and VA, which are based on Congress' budget enacted  in FY 2016. "" The Washington Post, May 1, 2017.) To compare U.S. budget deficits through history, see and . 

Compare to Other U.S. Federal Budgets